The full form of UIDAI is the Unique Identification Authority of India. This statutory body was formed by the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016. This act is also commonly known as Aadhaar Act 2016.
Unique Identification Authority of India issues a 12 digit verifying number, that helps in reaching the masses just by their smartphones.
This statutory authority was formed by the Government of India on 12th July 2016 under the MeitY.
With effect from 25.07.2019, there are various amendments that have been made in the Aadhaar act 2016 by Aadhaar and Other Laws (Amendment) Act, 2019.
Purpose of UIDAI
The Unique Identification Authority of India was established for the issuance of UID numbers popularly referred to as Aadhaar to the citizens of India.
The Unique Identification numbers have to be
- Robust to eradicate fake identities
- All of the above at cost-effective rates.
Highlights and Significance of UIDAI
At present, the UIDAI authority has successfully provided 128.99 crore Unique identification numbers to the citizens of India.
As per the 2016 act, the statutory authority UIDAI is authorized and responsible for enrolment and authentication of the UID numbers. In addition to the enrolment process, the authority is also responsible for management, policymaking, procedure, system as well as operation for issuance of UID numbers.
Features of UIDAI
- Unique Identification number
The Unique Identification Authority of India is established for the issuance of a unique identification number to all the citizens of India. This UID number is issued for providing one single identification number for the identification of every single resident of India.
This UID number is a 12 digit identification number through which a person can legally prove his residency in India. These 12 digit numbers of identification are mostly popular as Aadhaar cards and are set to be mandatory for every citizen of India.
- Multipurpose UIDAI
The UIDAI is an authority established for various purposes. The primary functions and duties of UIDAI are as follows:
- Establishing Procedure
- Ensuring that the procedure is being followed,
- Authentication of records of citizens,
- Ensuring the security of identity data of citizens,
- Issuance of the Aadhaar card to the citizens of India.
- Prevention of Identity-related crimes
With the implementation of the Aadhaar Act 2016 and the establishment of the Unique Identification Authority of India, the objective of preventing identity-related crimes is also achieved.
After the implementation of unique identification numbers, the security of identification of citizens is 10 times more robust and powerful.
The UIDAI has affirmatively decreased the no. of crimes related to identity by implementing the Aadhaar card for all citizens of India.
Objectives of UIDAI
The Unique Identification Authority of India was formed with various primary objectives that are fully being achieved. Such objectives are as follows:
- To eradicate fake identity cards
- To provide one unique identification number to all the citizens of India.
- To prevent Identity crimes in India.
- To establish a proper statutory authority for Identification numbers of citizens.
The UID Authority of India is issuing the Unique identification number after a strict process of authentication of the documents of the citizens of India. This robust process of Unique Identification Authority of India will surely result in the achievement of zero crimes related to the identification of citizens.